The Ophel

The Ophel, perhaps meaning “fortified hill,” is the name of the narrow promontory beyond the southern edge of Jerusalem’s Temple Mount and Old City. Despite the name, the Old City of Jerusalem dates from a much later time than the settlement in the Ophel, which is generally considered to have been the original Jerusalem. Since the Books of Samuel credit David as the first Israelite ruler of the city on Ophel, the archaeological remains of the city are usually referred to as the City of David.

This site include the southern wall of the Temple mount and the excavation  near thesouthern wall.

Most of the remains are from the Herod the great and the second Temple period.

The Southern Wall

The Western Wall

An Herodian Jug

Herodian Jug

The Eastern wall  – The second Temple was built twice, first by Ezra and was fortified by the Hasmonean, the second time by Herod the great. On the right side – the Hasmonean stones, and on the left  side the Herodian stones for the enlargement of the Temple Mount.

Hulda Gates  , The eastern Hulda Gate, built in the Second Temple period, was a triple gate. Of the original masonry, only the threshhold and the lowest stone of the left doorpost have survived.

Aelia Capitolina coin

Aelia Capitolina coin

Robinson Arch 

A pier of large stones which originally supported the western springer of Robinson’s Arch. The arch supported a monumental stairway leading up to the Temple Mount plaza. these structures were built by King Herod as a part of the expansion of the Temple Mount enclosure.

The remains of Jerusalem’s main street running the length of the Western Wall along the Tyropoeon Valley.


This stone was found among the collapsed stone ,  “to the place of the trumpeting to …”

Herodian Oil-Lamp

Herodian Oil Lamp

A Lavatory compartment

A Ritual Bath



A residential building from the Byzantine period.